The Role of Caveolin 1 in HIV Infection and PathogenesisReport as inadecuate


The Role of Caveolin 1 in HIV Infection and Pathogenesis


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Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA





Academic Editor: Jens H. Kuhn

Abstract Caveolin 1 Cav-1 is a major component of the caveolae structure and is expressed in a variety of cell types including macrophages, which are susceptible to human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection. Caveolae structures are present in abundance in mechanically stressed cells such as endothelial cells and adipocytes. HIV infection induces dysfunction of these cells and promotes pathogenesis. Cav-1 and the caveolae structure are believed to be involved in multiple cellular processes that include signal transduction, lipid regulation, endocytosis, transcytosis, and mechanoprotection. Such a broad biological role of Cav-1-caveolae is bound to have functional cross relationships with several molecular pathways including HIV replication and viral-induced pathogenesis. The current review covers the relationship of Cav-1 and HIV in respect to viral replication, persistence, and the potential role in pathogenesis. View Full-Text

Keywords: HIV; caveolin 1; caveolae; cholesterol; macrophages; persistent infection; endothelial cell dysfunction HIV; caveolin 1; caveolae; cholesterol; macrophages; persistent infection; endothelial cell dysfunction





Author: Ayalew Mergia

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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