Deleterious Effects of Mycotoxin Combinations Involving Ochratoxin AReport as inadecuate




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1

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Schrottova 39, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia

2

Unit of Toxicology, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska Cesta 2, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract Ochratoxin A OTA is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin with carcinogenic properties. Its presence was detected in various foodstuffs all over the world but with significantly higher frequency and concentrations in areas with endemic nephropathy EN. Even though food is often contaminated with more than one mycotoxin, earlier studies focused on the occurrence and toxicology of only OTA. Only a limited number of surveys showed that OTA co-occurs in food with mycotoxins citrinin-CIT, penicilic acid, fumonisin B1-FB1, aflatoxins-AF which exert nephrotoxic, carcinogenic or carcinogen-promoting activity. This review summarises the findings on OTA and its co-occurrence with the mentioned mycotoxins in food as well as experimental data on their combined toxicity. Most of the tested mycotoxin mixtures involving OTA produced additive or synergistic effects in experimental models suggesting that these combinations represent a significant health hazard. Special attention should be given to mixtures that include carcinogenic and cancer-promoting mycotoxins. View Full-Text

Keywords: mycotoxin interactions; chronic renal diseases; genotoxicity; carcinogenicity mycotoxin interactions; chronic renal diseases; genotoxicity; carcinogenicity





Author: Maja Šegvić Klarić 1,* , Dubravka Rašić 2 and Maja Peraica 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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