Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in IndonesiaReport as inadecuate


Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in Indonesia


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Burung Indonesia BirdLife Affiliate, Jl. Dadali 32, PO. Box 310-Boo, Bogor 16161, West Java, Indonesia

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Department of Food and Resource Economics, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 25, Frederiksberg C 1958, Denmark





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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editors: Roberto Roson and S. Amer Ahmed

Abstract Forest resources remain vital to the survival of many rural communities, though the level of forest reliance varies across a range of sites and socio-economic settings. This article investigates variation in forest utilization across households in three ethnic groups living near a forest restoration area in Sumatra, Indonesia. Survey data were collected on 268 households, with a four-month recall period and three repeat visits to each selected household within a year. Random sampling was applied to select households in five villages and five Batin Sembilan indigenous semi-nomadic groups. Sampled households belonged to three ethnic groups: 15% were Batin Sembilan, 40% Local Malayan, and 45% Immigrant households. Indigenous households displayed the highest reliance on forests: 36% of their annual total income came from this source, as compared with 10% and 8% for Local and Immigrant households, respectively. Our findings showed that the livelihoods of indigenous groups were still intricately linked with forest resources, despite a rapid landscape-wide transition from natural forest to oil palm and timber plantations. View Full-Text

Keywords: forest reliance; rural income; ethnicity; indigenous; immigrant; frontier; forest restoration forest reliance; rural income; ethnicity; indigenous; immigrant; frontier; forest restoration





Author: Nayu Nuringdati Widianingsih 1,2,* , Ida Theilade 2 and Mariève Pouliot 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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