Biogenic Amines as Quality Marker in Organic and Fair-Trade Cocoa-Based ProductsReport as inadecuate


Biogenic Amines as Quality Marker in Organic and Fair-Trade Cocoa-Based Products


Biogenic Amines as Quality Marker in Organic and Fair-Trade Cocoa-Based Products - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, 87036 Rende CS, Italy





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Academic Editors: Alessandro Ruggieri, Samuel Petros Sebhatu and Zenon Foltynowicz

Abstract In this study, the quantitative determination of eight biogenic amines cadaverine, serotonin, histamine, spermidine, spermine, tyramine, putrescine and β-phenylethylamine by an liquid chromatography method with evaporative light scattering detection was performed. The analysis of several samples of conventional, organic and fair trade cocoa-derivatives showed that organic and fair trade samples always contain much lower amine concentrations in comparison with their conventional counterparts, supporting the idea that biogenic amines can be regarded as cocoa quality markers. Irrespective of the kind of sample, results also showed that the most abundant amines were histamine, tyramine, spermidine, putrescine and spermine while β-phenylethylamine, cadaverine and serotonine have been found more rarely, all the amines never reaching dangerous amounts for consumer health. With the aim to confirm the experimental results, clustering analysis was performed on samples and instrumental results using principal component analysis. View Full-Text

Keywords: biogenic amines; cocoa-based products; organic products; fair trade; food safety; food quality biogenic amines; cocoa-based products; organic products; fair trade; food safety; food quality





Author: Donatella Restuccia * , Umile Gianfranco Spizzirri, Michele De Luca, Ortensia Ilaria Parisi and Nevio Picci

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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