Physical Inactivity from the Viewpoint of Evolutionary MedicineReport as inadecuate




Physical Inactivity from the Viewpoint of Evolutionary Medicine - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 13, Vienna A-1090, Austria





Abstract Activity patterns of recent Homo sapiens are characterized by a sedentary life style and consequently by exercise deficiency. This lack of physical activity increases the risk of various chronic non-communicable diseases and reduces health related quality of life. From the perspective of evolutionary medicine, the high rates of non-communicable disease among contemporary industrialized populations may be interpreted as the result of a mismatch between high rates of physical activity in the adaptively relevant ARE and sedentary recent life circumstances. Public transport, cars, elevators, supermarkets and internet shopping diminished daily physical activities dramatically, therefore recent Homo sapiens suffer from the consequences of a convenient life style, which is completely new in our evolution and history. The only possibility to increase physical activity and enhance health and well-being is through sporting activities during leisure time. View Full-Text

Keywords: physical activity; sports; evolutionary medicine; sedentary life style; health risks physical activity; sports; evolutionary medicine; sedentary life style; health risks





Author: Sylvia Kirchengast

Source: http://mdpi.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents