Less Is More: The Physiological Basis for Tapering in Endurance, Strength, and Power AthletesReport as inadecuate




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1

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Health and Sciences and Center for Muscle Biology, University of Kentucky, MS-508 Chandler Medical Center, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40508, USA

2

Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Social Sciences, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue-Gym 101, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Lee E. Brown

Abstract Taper, or reduced-volume training, improves competition performance across a broad spectrum of exercise modes and populations. This article aims to highlight the physiological mechanisms, namely in skeletal muscle, by which taper improves performance and provide a practical literature-based rationale for implementing taper in varied athletic disciplines. Special attention will be paid to strength- and power-oriented athletes as taper is under-studied and often overlooked in these populations. Tapering can best be summarized by the adage -less is more- because maintained intensity and reduced volume prior to competition yields significant performance benefits. View Full-Text

Keywords: taper; reduced-volume training; periodization; skeletal muscle; fiber type taper; reduced-volume training; periodization; skeletal muscle; fiber type





Author: Kevin A. Murach 1,2,* and James R. Bagley 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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