Mapping Tree Canopy Cover and Aboveground Biomass in Sudano-Sahelian Woodlands Using Landsat 8 and Random ForestReport as inadecuate




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1

Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Department of Thematic Studies-Environmental Change, Linköping University, Linköping 581 83, Sweden

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Centre for Environment and Sustainability GMV, University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 405 30, Sweden

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Section of Forest Remote Sensing, Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå 901 83, Sweden

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Institut de lEnvironnement et de Recherches Agricoles INERA, Département Productions Forestières, 03 BP 7047 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

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Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Development Rural Institute-Department of Forestery, BP 01 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

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Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 412 96, Sweden





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Academic Editors: Josef Kellndorfer and Prasad S. Thenkabail

Abstract Accurate and timely maps of tree cover attributes are important tools for environmental research and natural resource management. We evaluate the utility of Landsat 8 for mapping tree canopy cover TCC and aboveground biomass AGB in a woodland landscape in Burkina Faso. Field data and WorldView-2 imagery were used to assemble the reference dataset. Spectral, texture, and phenology predictor variables were extracted from Landsat 8 imagery and used as input to Random Forest RF models. RF models based on multi-temporal and single date imagery were compared to determine the influence of phenology predictor variables. The effect of reducing the number of predictor variables on the RF predictions was also investigated. The model error was assessed using 10-fold cross validation. The most accurate models were created using multi-temporal imagery and variable selection, for both TCC five predictor variables and AGB four predictor variables. The coefficient of determination of predicted versus observed values was 0.77 for TCC RMSE = 8.9% and 0.57 for AGB RMSE = 17.6 tons∙ha−1. This mapping approach is based on freely available Landsat 8 data and relatively simple analytical methods, and is therefore applicable in woodland areas where sufficient reference data are available. View Full-Text

Keywords: Landsat 8; woodland; Sudano-Sahel; tree canopy cover; aboveground biomass; multi-temporal imagery; Random Forest; variable selection; phenology Landsat 8; woodland; Sudano-Sahel; tree canopy cover; aboveground biomass; multi-temporal imagery; Random Forest; variable selection; phenology





Author: Martin Karlson 1,* , Madelene Ostwald 1,2, Heather Reese 3, Josias Sanou 4, Boalidioa Tankoano 5 and Eskil Mattsson 6

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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