Site-Selective Ribosylation of Fluorescent Nucleobase Analogs Using Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase as a Catalyst: Effects of Point MutationsReport as inadecuate




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1

Department of Physics and Biophysics, University of Varmia and Masuria in Olsztyn, 4 Oczapowskiego St., 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland

2

Division of Biophysics, Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland





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Academic Editor: Mahesh K. Lakshman

Abstract Enzymatic ribosylation of fluorescent 8-azapurine derivatives, like 8-azaguanine and 2,6-diamino-8-azapurine, with purine-nucleoside phosphorylase PNP as a catalyst, leads to N9, N8, and N7-ribosides. The final proportion of the products may be modulated by point mutations in the enzyme active site. As an example, ribosylation of the latter substrate by wild-type calf PNP gives N7- and N8-ribosides, while the N243D mutant directs the ribosyl substitution at N9- and N7-positions. The same mutant allows synthesis of the fluorescent N7-β-d-ribosyl-8-azaguanine. The mutated form of the E. coli PNP, D204N, can be utilized to obtain non-typical ribosides of 8-azaadenine and 2,6-diamino-8-azapurine as well. The N7- and N8-ribosides of the 8-azapurines can be analytically useful, as illustrated by N7-β-d-ribosyl-2,6-diamino-8-azapurine, which is a good fluorogenic substrate for mammalian forms of PNP, including human blood PNP, while the N8-riboside is selective to the E. coli enzyme. View Full-Text

Keywords: fluorescent nucleosides; enzymatic ribosylation; 8-azapurines; purine nucleoside phosphorylase fluorescent nucleosides; enzymatic ribosylation; 8-azapurines; purine nucleoside phosphorylase





Author: Alicja Stachelska-Wierzchowska 1,* , Jacek Wierzchowski 1, Agnieszka Bzowska 2 and Beata Wielgus-Kutrowska 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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