Functional Coatings or Films for Hard-Tissue ApplicationsReport as inadecuate


Functional Coatings or Films for Hard-Tissue Applications


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Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Research Unit, School of AMME, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia





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Abstract Metallic biomaterials like stainless steel, Co-based alloy, Ti and its alloys are widely used as artificial hip joints, bone plates and dental implants due to their excellent mechanical properties and endurance. However, there are some surface-originated problems associated with the metallic implants: corrosion and wear in biological environments resulting in ions release and formation of wear debris; poor implant fixation resulting from lack of osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity; implant-associated infections due to the bacterial adhesion and colonization at the implantation site. For overcoming these surface-originated problems, a variety of surface modification techniques have been used on metallic implants, including chemical treatments, physical methods and biological methods. This review surveys coatings that serve to provide properties of anti-corrosion and anti-wear, biocompatibility and bioactivity, and antibacterial activity. View Full-Text

Keywords: metal; corrosion; wear; bioactivity; biocompatibility; antibacterial; surface modification metal; corrosion; wear; bioactivity; biocompatibility; antibacterial; surface modification





Author: Guocheng Wang and Hala Zreiqat *

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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