Cigarette Smoke Affects ABCAl Expression via Liver X Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Human KeratinocytesReport as inadecuate




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1

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro, 2 53100 Siena, Italy

2

Department of Physiopathology, Experimental Medicine and Public Health, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro, 2 53100 Siena, Italy

3

Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegi-Dong, Dongdaemun-gu–Seoul, Korea





*

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Abstract Cutaneous tissue is the first barrier against outdoor insults. The outer most layer of the skin, the stratum corneum SC, is formed by corneocytes embedded in a lipid matrix cholesterol, ceramide and fatty acids. Therefore, the regulation of lipids and, in particular, of cholesterol homeostasis in the skin is of great importance. ABCA1 is a membrane transporter responsible for cholesterol efflux and plays a key role in maintaining cellular cholesterol levels. Among the many factors that have been associated with skin diseases, the environmental stressor cigarette smoke has been recently studied. In the present study, we demonstrate that ABCA1 expression in human cells HaCaT was increased both mRNA and protein levels after CS exposure. This effect was mediated by the inhibition of NFkB aldehydes adducts formation that allows the translocation of liver X receptor LXR. These findings suggest that passive smoking may play a role in skin cholesterol levels and thus affect cutaneous tissues functions. View Full-Text

Keywords: ABCA1; keratinocyte; LXR; cigarette smoke; NFkB ABCA1; keratinocyte; LXR; cigarette smoke; NFkB





Author: Claudia Sticozzi 1, Alessandra Pecorelli 2, Giuseppe Belmonte 1 and Giuseppe Valacchi 1,3,*

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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