Confirmation of Maslow’s Hypothesis of Synergy: Developing an Acceptance of Selfishness at the Workplace ScaleReport as inadecuate




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1

Department of Public Health, Sanyo Gakuen University Graduate School of Nursing, 1-14-1 Hirai, Naka-ku, Okayama-shi, Okayama 703-8507, Japan

2

Department of Welfare System and Health Science, Okayama Prefectural University, 111 Kuboki, Soja-shi, Okayama 719-1197, Japan





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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou

Abstract This study aimed to develop a new Acceptance of Selfishness at the Workplace Scale ASWS and to confirm Maslow’s hypothesis of synergy: if both a sense of contribution and acceptance of selfishness at the workplace are high, workers are psychologically healthy. In a cross-sectional study with employees of three Japanese companies, 656 workers answered a self-administered questionnaire on paper completely response rate = 66.8%. Each questionnaire was submitted to us in a sealed envelope and analyzed. The ASWS indicated high internal consistency Cronbach’s alpha = 0.86. Significant p < 0.001 positive moderate correlations between ASWS scores and job control scores support the ASWS’s convergent and discriminant validity. Significant p < 0.001 associations of ASWS scores with psychological distress and work engagement supported the ASWS’s criterion validity. In short, ASWS was a psychometrically satisfactory measure. Significant p < 0.05 interactions between a sense of contribution and acceptance of selfishness at the workplace in linear regression models showed that when those two factors are low, psychological distress becomes high. However, when a sense of contribution and acceptance of selfishness are high, work engagement also becomes high. Thus, Maslow’s hypothesis of synergy was confirmed. View Full-Text

Keywords: acceptance of selfishness; Abraham H. Maslow; altruism; calling; job control; mental health; Ricardo Semler; sense of contribution; synergy; work engagement acceptance of selfishness; Abraham H. Maslow; altruism; calling; job control; mental health; Ricardo Semler; sense of contribution; synergy; work engagement





Author: Jiro Takaki 1,* , Toshiyo Taniguchi 2 and Yasuhito Fujii 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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