Effects of Meteorological Parameters and PM10 on the Incidence of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Children in ChinaReport as inadecuate




Effects of Meteorological Parameters and PM10 on the Incidence of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Children in China - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China

2

Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ningbo 315010, China



These authors contributed equally to this work.





*

Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Karin Nielsen-Saines

Abstract Hand, foot, and mouth disease HFMD is a globally-prevalent infectious disease. However, few data are available on prevention measures for HFMD. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impacts of temperature, humidity, and air pollution, particularly levels of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 10 micrometers PM10, on the incidence of HFMD in a city in Eastern China. Daily morbidity, meteorological, and air pollution data for Ningbo City were collected for the period from January 2012 to December 2014. A total of 86,695 HFMD cases were enrolled in this study. We used a distributed lag nonlinear model DLNM with Poisson distribution to analyze the nonlinear lag effects of daily mean temperature, daily humidity, and found significant relationships with the incidence of HFMD; in contrast, PM10 level showed no relationship to the incidence of HFMD. Our findings will facilitate the development of effective preventive measures and early forecasting of HFMD outbreaks. View Full-Text

Keywords: distributed lag nonlinear model; hand; foot; and mouth disease; children distributed lag nonlinear model; hand; foot; and mouth disease; children





Author: Ruixue Huang 1,†, Guolin Bian 2,†, Tianfeng He 2,†, Lv Chen 1,* and Guozhang Xu 2,*

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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