Acute Anterior Uveitis as a Risk Factor of Ankylosing Spondylitis—A National Population-Based StudyReport as inadecuate


Acute Anterior Uveitis as a Risk Factor of Ankylosing Spondylitis—A National Population-Based Study


Acute Anterior Uveitis as a Risk Factor of Ankylosing Spondylitis—A National Population-Based Study - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan

2

Department of Ophthalmology, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei 10629, Taiwan

3

School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan

4

Department of Neurosurgery, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei 10629, Taiwan

5

Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan

6

Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei 11558, Taiwan





*

Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou

Abstract Introduction: In clinical settings, acute anterior uveitis AAU could be the first presentation of ankylosing spondylitis AS. Based on this hypothesis, we investigate whether AAU is a risk factor in developing AS later by using National Health Insurance Research Database NHIRD in Taiwan. Materials and Methods: This cohort comparison study used longitudinal Taiwanese NHIRD to probe the relative risk odds of AAU for AS development, and consisted of all patients diagnosed with AAU n = 5621 ICD-9-CM codes 364.00. The relative risks of AS between AAU patients and controls were compared by estimating the crude hazard ratio with logistic regression. Kaplan–Meier analysis was used to calculate the cumulative incidence rates of developing AS, and a log-rank test was used to analyze the differences between the survival curves. Separate Cox proportional hazard regressions were performed to compute the AS-free rate after adjusting for possible confounding factors such as age and sex. Results: The crude hazard ratio was 2.667 for the AAU group, and the adjusted hazard ratio was 2.705 for the AAU group. The observation time of the AS-free group was shorter for AAU patients compared with the control group 1507 versus 1578 days. Moreover, in the AAU patients, the younger age onset of AAU less than 30 years old here would lead to an earlier diagnosis of AS later with a median of 1445.5 742–2241 versus 1544 819–2289 days of survival for the group of age onset of AAU greater than 30 years old. The difference is statistically significant p < 0.05. Conclusions: AAU was a risk factor for AS. To identify AAU as an extra-articular manifestation is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment of AS and containing functional loss accordingly. View Full-Text

Keywords: acute anterior uveitis AAU; ankylosing spondylitis AS; National Health Insurance Research Database NHIRD acute anterior uveitis AAU; ankylosing spondylitis AS; National Health Insurance Research Database NHIRD





Author: Ju-Chuan Yen 1,2, Chia-An Hsu 3, Sheng-Huang Hsiao 4,5,* and Min-Huei Hsu 1,6,*

Source: http://mdpi.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents