Insecticide Resistance in FleasReport as inadecuate




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Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA





Academic Editor: Changlu Wang

Abstract Fleas are the major ectoparasite of cats, dogs, and rodents worldwide and potential vectors of animal diseases. In the past two decades the majority of new control treatments have been either topically applied or orally administered to the host. Most reports concerning the development of insecticide resistance deal with the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis. Historically, insecticide resistance has developed to many of the insecticides used to control fleas in the environment including carbamates, organophosphates, and pyrethroids. Product failures have been reported with some of the new topical treatments, but actual resistance has not yet been demonstrated. Failures have often been attributed to operational factors such as failure to adequately treat the pet and follow label directions. With the addition of so many new chemistries additional monitoring of flea populations is needed. View Full-Text

Keywords: Ctenocephalides felis felis; Ctenocephalides canis; Pulex irritans; Xenospylla cheopis Ctenocephalides felis felis; Ctenocephalides canis; Pulex irritans; Xenospylla cheopis





Author: Michael K. Rust

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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