The Italian University Habilitation and the Challenge of Increasing the Representation of Women in AcademiaReport as inadecuate




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1

Forest Pathology and Dendrology, Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zurich 8092, Switzerland

2

Animal and Plant Health Unit, European Food Safety Authority EFSA, Parma 43126, Italy





Academic Editor: Andreas Manz

Abstract Increasing the representation of women in academia is a priority challenge in higher education policy. This study uses data from the Italian University habilitation competition in 2012 to test whether this national, standardized and quantitative assessment of researchers contributed to improving the situation. The proportion of female applications on the whole about 36% was in many fields higher than the reported proportion of female University professors 27%, 2010, but lower than the proportion of female researchers 2010 in Italy 45% and 51% for researchers with and without a permanent position, respectively. There was still a gap between the proportion of female applications at the associate on average 39% and full professor level 29%. A similar gap was also present between scientific disciplines and the humanities. Average success rates of female applications 41.2% were on the whole lower than those of male applications 43.9%, but in most fields these differences were not significant. Overall, it is generally much lower proportion of female applications rather than their lower success rate that perpetuates the low proportion of female academics in Italy. More effort is needed to support female researchers in choosing and pursuing an academic career. View Full-Text

Keywords: academic researchers; career progress; equal opportunities; gender equality; higher education; Italy; research policy; tenure; Universities; women in science academic researchers; career progress; equal opportunities; gender equality; higher education; Italy; research policy; tenure; Universities; women in science





Author: Marco Pautasso 1,2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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