Review of Heterogeneous Catalysts for Catalytically Upgrading Vegetable Oils into Hydrocarbon BiofuelsReport as inadecuate


Review of Heterogeneous Catalysts for Catalytically Upgrading Vegetable Oils into Hydrocarbon Biofuels


Review of Heterogeneous Catalysts for Catalytically Upgrading Vegetable Oils into Hydrocarbon Biofuels - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA

2

Department of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editors: Rafael Luque, Pedro Maireles-Torres and Manuel López-Granados

Abstract To address the issues of greenhouse gas emissions associated with fossil fuels, vegetable oilseeds, especially non-food oilseeds, are used as an alternative fuel resource. Vegetable oil derived from these oilseeds can be upgraded into hydrocarbon biofuel. Catalytic cracking and hydroprocessing are two of the most promising pathways for converting vegetable oil to hydrocarbon biofuel. Heterogeneous catalysts play a critical role in those processes. The present review summarizes current progresses and remaining challenges of vegetable oil upgrading to biofuel. The catalyst properties, applications, deactivation, and regeneration are reviewed. A comparison of catalysts used in vegetable oil and bio-oil upgrading is also carried out. Some suggestions for heterogeneous catalysts applied in vegetable oil upgrading to improve the yield and quality of hydrocarbon biofuel are provided for further research in the future. View Full-Text

Keywords: vegetable oil; hydrocarbon; biofuel; catalytic cracking; hydroprocessing; deactivation; regeneration vegetable oil; hydrocarbon; biofuel; catalytic cracking; hydroprocessing; deactivation; regeneration





Author: Xianhui Zhao 1,2, Lin Wei 1,* , Shouyun Cheng 1 and James Julson 1

Source: http://mdpi.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents