Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Growth in Childhood Cancer SurvivorsReport as inadecuate




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1

Institute of Psychology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, 60200, Czech Republic

2

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Children’s Medical Center, The University Hospital Brno, Brno, 60200, Czech Republic





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Siu Fun Wong

Abstract This longitudinal study aims to analyze predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms PTSS and posttraumatic growth PTG among gender, age, objective factors of the disease and its treatment, family environment factors and negative emotionality. The sample consisted of 97 childhood cancer survivors 50 girls and 47 boys aged 11–25 years who were in remission 1.7 to seven years at T1 and four to 12.5 years at T2. Survivors completed a set of questionnaires including the Benefit Finding Scale for Children and the University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index. Regression and correlation analyses were performed. The relation between PTSS and PTG was not proven. A higher level of PTSS T2 was associated with higher levels of negative emotionality T1. A higher level of PTG T2 was connected to a higher level of warmth in parenting T1, female gender and older age at assessment. Medical variables such as the severity of late effects and the time from treatment completion did not play a significant role in the prediction of PTSS and PTG. PTG and PTSS are more influenced by factors of parenting and emotional well-being of childhood cancer survivors than by objective medical data. View Full-Text

Keywords: posttraumatic stress; posttraumatic growth; benefit finding; childhood cancer survivors posttraumatic stress; posttraumatic growth; benefit finding; childhood cancer survivors





Author: Veronika Koutná 1,* , Martin Jelínek 1, Marek Blatný 1 and Tomáš Kepák 2

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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