X-ray observational signature of a black hole accretion disc in an active galactic nucleus RXJ1633 4718Report as inadecuate



 X-ray observational signature of a black hole accretion disc in an active galactic nucleus RXJ1633 4718


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We report the discovery of a luminous ultra-soft X-ray excess in a radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert1 galaxy, RXJ1633+4718, from archival ROSAT observations. The thermal temperature of this emission, when fitted with a blackbody, is as low as 32.5+8.0,-6.0eV. This is in remarkable contrast to the canonical temperatures of ~0.1-0.2keV found hitherto for the soft X-ray excess in active galactic nuclei AGN, and is interestingly close to the maximum temperature predicted for a postulated accretion disc in this object. If this emission is indeed blackbody in nature, the derived luminosity 3.5+3.3,-1.5x10^44ergs-s infers a compact emitting area with a size ~5x10^12cm or 0.33AU in radius that is comparable to several times the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole at the mass estimated for this AGN 3x10^6Msun. In fact, this ultra-steep X-ray emission can be well fitted as the Compton scattered Wien tail of the multi-temperature blackbody emission from an optically thick accretion disc, whose parameters inferred black hole mass and accretion rate are in good agreement with independent estimates using optical emission line spectrum. We thus consider this feature as a signature of the long-sought X-ray radiation directly from a disc around a super-massive black hole, presenting observational evidence for a black hole accretion disc in AGN. Future observations with better data quality, together with improved independent measurements of the black hole mass, may constrain the spin of the black hole.



Author: Weimin Yuan; Bifang Liu; Hongyan Zhou; Tinggui Wang

Source: https://archive.org/







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