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 Validity of Molecular Dynamics Simulations for Soft Matter


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In this work, we analytically examine the validity of molecular dynamics for a soft potential system by considering a simple one-dimensional system with a piecewise continuous linear repulsive potential wall having a constant slope $a$. We derive an explicit analytical expression for an inevitable energy change $\Delta E$ due to the discrete process, which is dependent on two parameters: 1 $\alpha$, which is a fraction of time step $\tau$ immediately after the collision with the potential wall, and 2 $\mu \equiv \frac{a \tau}{p 0}$, where $p 0$ is the momentum immediately before the collision. The whole space of parameters $\alpha$ and $\mu$ can be divided into an infinite number of regions, where each region creates a positive or negative energy change $\Delta E$. On the boundaries of these regions, energy does not change, \textit{i.e}, $\Delta E=0$. The envelope of $|\Delta E|$ \textit{vs.} $\mu$ shows a power law behavior $|\Delta E| \propto \mu^\beta$, with the exponent $\beta \approx 0.95$. This implies that the round-off error in energy introduced by the discreteness is nearly proportional to the discrete time step $\tau$.



Author: Sangrak Kim

Source: https://archive.org/







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