Vol 5: Variations in the identity and complexity of endosymbiont combinations in whitefly hosts.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 5: Variations in the identity and complexity of endosymbiont combinations in whitefly hosts.


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This article is from Frontiers in Microbiology, volume 5.AbstractThe target of natural selection is suggested to be the holobiont - the organism together with its associated symbiotic microorganisms. The well-defined endosymbiotic communities of insects make them a useful model for exploring the role of symbiotic interactions in shaping the functional repertoire of plants and animals. Here, we studied the variations in the symbiotic communities of the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae by compiling a dataset of over 2000 individuals derived from several independent screenings. The secondary endosymbionts harbored by each individual were clustered into entities termed Facultative Endosymbiont Combinations FECs, each representing a natural assemblage of co-occurring bacterial genera. The association of FECs with whitefly individuals stratified the otherwise homogeneous population into holobiont units. We both identified bacterial assemblages that are specific to whitefly groups sharing unique genetic backgrounds, and characterized the FEC variations within these groups. The analysis revealed that FEC complexity is positively correlated with both distance from the equator and specificity of the genetic clade of the host insect. These findings highlight the importance of symbiotic combinations in shaping the distribution patterns of B. tabaci and possibly other insect species.



Author: Zchori-Fein, Einat; Lahav, Tamar; Freilich, Shiri

Source: https://archive.org/







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