Unique nature of the lowest Landau level in finite graphene samples with zigzag edges: Dirac electrons with mixed bulk-edge characterReport as inadecuate



 Unique nature of the lowest Landau level in finite graphene samples with zigzag edges: Dirac electrons with mixed bulk-edge character


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Dirac electrons in finite graphene samples with zigzag edges under high magnetic fields in the regime of Landau-level formation are investigated with regard to their bulk-type and edge-type character. We employ tight-binding calculations on finite graphene flakes with various shapes to determine the sublattice components of the electron density in conjunction with analytic expressions via the parabolic cylinder functions of the relativistic-electron spinors that solve the continuous Dirac-Weyl equation for a semi-infinite graphene plane. Away from the sample edge, the higher Landau levels are found to comprise exclusively electrons of bulk-type character for both sublattices; near the sample edge, these electrons are described by edge-type states similar to those familiar from the theory of the integer quantum Hall effect for nonrelativistic electrons. In contrast, the lowest zero Landau level contains relativistic Dirac electrons of a mixed bulk-edge character without an analog in the nonrelativistic case. It is shown that such mixed bulk-edge states maintain also in the case of a square flake with combined zigzag and armchair edges. Implications for the many-body correlated-electron behavior relating to the fractional quantum Hall effect in finite graphene samples are discussed.



Author: Igor Romanovsky; Constantine Yannouleas; Uzi Landman

Source: https://archive.org/







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