Vol 9: The Susceptive Alendronate-Treatment Timing and Dosage for Osteogenesis Enhancement in Human Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 9: The Susceptive Alendronate-Treatment Timing and Dosage for Osteogenesis Enhancement in Human Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells.


Vol 9: The Susceptive Alendronate-Treatment Timing and Dosage for Osteogenesis Enhancement in Human Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractRecent studies indicated that alendronate enhanced osteogenesis in osteoblasts and human bone marrow-derived stem cells. However, the time- and dose-dependent effects of Aln on ostegenic differentiation and cytotoxicity of hBMSCs remain undefined. In present study, we investigated the effective dose range and timing of hBMSCs. hBMSCs were treated with various Aln doses 1, 5 and 10 µM according to the following groups: group A was treated with Aln during the first five days of bone medium, groups B, C and D were treated during the first, second, and final five days of osteo-induction medium and group E was treated throughout the entire experiment. The mineralization level and cytotoxicity were measured by quantified Alizarin Red S staining and MTT assay. In addition, the reversal effects of farnesyl pyrophosphate and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate replenishment in group B were also investigated. The results showed that Aln treatment in groups A, B and E enhanced hBMSC mineralization in a dose-dependent manner, and the most pronounced effects were observed in groups B and E. The higher dose of Aln simultaneously enhanced mineralization and caused cytotoxicity in groups B, C and E. Replenishment of FPP or GGPP resulted in partial or complete reverse of the Aln-induced mineralization respectively. Furthermore, the addition of FPP or GGPP also eliminated the Aln-induced cytotoxicity. We demonstrated that hBMSCs are susceptible to 5 µM Aln during the initiation stage of osteogenic differentiation and that a 10 µM dose is cytotoxic.



Author: Chang, Chih-Hsiang; Wang, Chau-Zen; Chang, Je-Ken; Hsu, Che-Yu; Ho, Mei-Ling

Source: https://archive.org/







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