Vol 9: The Role of Endophytic Fungal Individuals and Communities in the Decomposition of Pinus massoniana Needle Litter.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 9: The Role of Endophytic Fungal Individuals and Communities in the Decomposition of Pinus massoniana Needle Litter.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractThe role of fungal endophytes FEs as -pioneer- decomposers has recently been recognized; however, the extent to which FEs contribute to litter loss is less well understood. The genetic and enzymatic bases of FE-mediated decomposition have also rarely been addressed. The effects of populations and individuals with an emphasis on two dominant Lophodermium taxa of FEs on needle-litter decomposition were assessed for Pinus massoniana, a ubiquitous pine in southern China. Data from in vivo microcosm experiments indicated that the percentage of litter-mass loss triggered by FEs was linearly correlated with incubation time and approached 60% after seven months. In vitro decomposition tests also confirmed that endophytic Lophodermium isolates caused 14–22% mass loss within two months. Qualitative analysis of exoenzymes cellulase and laccase, important for lignocellulose degradation revealed that almost all of the Lophodermium isolates showed moderate or strong positive reactions. Furthermore, partial sequences of β-glucosidase glycoside hydrolase family 3, GH3, laccase, and cellobiohydrolase GH7 genes were amplified from Lophodermium isolates as -functional markers- to evaluate their potential for lignocellulolytic activity. Three different genes were detected, suggesting a flexible and delicate decomposition system rich in FEs. Our work highlights the possibility that the saprophytism and endophytism of FEs may be prerequisites to initiating rapid decomposition and thus may be key in Fes’ contribution to litter decomposition, at least in the early stage. Potential indicators of the presence of core fungal decomposers are also briefly discussed.



Author: Yuan, Zhilin; Chen, Lianqing

Source: https://archive.org/







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