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Editor: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía

Issued date: 2013-09-06

ISSN: 2340-5031

Sponsor: Financial assistance from Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación under project ECO2011-29355 and Junta de Andalucía underproject SEJ5980 is gratefully acknowledged.

Serie-No.: UC3M Working papers. Economics13-19

Project: Gobierno de España. ECO2011-29355

Keywords: Voting system , Closed primaries , Open primaries , Top-two primary , Political moderation , Sequential voting

JEL Classification: C72 , D72

Rights: Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España

Abstract:The top-two primary recently approved in states like Washington, California, and Alaska eliminates the closedparty primaries and creates instead a single ballot in which the first and second place winners pass to the generalelection. We compare the electorThe top-two primary recently approved in states like Washington, California, and Alaska eliminates the closedparty primaries and creates instead a single ballot in which the first and second place winners pass to the generalelection. We compare the electoral consequences of the top-two primary with those of the closed primaries. Wepresent a model where each primary procedure induce a sequential game with three stages: candidate-entrystage, primary election, and general election. We analyze the equilibria of these games and show that the top-twoprimary contributes to political moderation and may increase the number of swing states.+-





Author: Amorós, P.; Martínez, Ricardo; Puy, M. Socorro

Source: http://e-archivo.uc3m.es


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Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Repositorio institucional e-Archivo http:--e-archivo.uc3m.es Departamento de Economía DE - Working Papers.
Economics.
WE 2013-09-06 The closed primaries versus the top-two primary Amorós, P. http:--hdl.handle.net-10016-17579 Descargado de e-Archivo, repositorio institucional de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M Working papers Economics 13-19 September, 2013 Departamento de Economía Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Calle Madrid, 126 28903 Getafe (Spain) Fax (34) 916249875 The Closed Primaries versus the Top-two Primary Pablo Amorós†, Ricardo Martínez‡, and M.
Socorro Puy§ September 6, 2013 Abstract The top-two primary recently approved in states like Washington, California, and Alaska eliminates the closed party primaries and creates instead a single ballot in which the first and second place winners pass to the general election.
We compare the electoral consequences of the top-two primary with those of the closed primaries.
We present a model where each primary procedure induce a sequential game with three stages: candidate-entry stage, primary election, and general election.
We analyze the equilibria of these games and show that the top-two primary contributes to political moderation and may increase the number of swing states. Keywords: Voting system; Closed primaries; Open primaries; Top-two primary; Political moderation; Sequential voting. JEL Classification Numbers: C72; D72.  The authors thank Stephen Ansolabehere, Salvador Barberà, Luis Corchón, and James Snyder for their helpful comments. Financial assistance from Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación under project ECO2011-29355 and Junta de Andalucía under project SEJ5980 is gratefully acknowledged.
The final version of this paper was made while the Pablo Amorós and M.
Socorro Puy were visiting the Departments of Economics and Government at Harvard University, to which they are grateful for their hospitality. † Corresponding author.
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