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In recent years, several Colombian scholars have studied this country’s civil conflict through the lenses of economic reasoning and state-of-the-art statistical testing. Their analyses place most of the explanatory burden of the conflict on the existence of lootable resources and organized crime, not on any specific socio-economic factor of Colombia’s reality -objective causes-. This paper criticizes their claims while accepting their criteria and methods. In particular, it contends that their formal approach to civil conflicts is flawed, a flaw that carries over to the type of empirical tests conducted and that there are several gaps in the reasoning from statistical results to the overall interpretation of the conflict., En los últimos años, varios académicos colombianos han estudiado el conflicto civil de este país a través de la lente del razonamiento económico y el examen estadístico de punta. Sus análisis ubican la mayor parte de la carga explicativa del conflicto en la existencia de recursos saqueables y crimen organizado, en vez de atribuirla a cualquier otro factor socioeconómico de la realidad colombiana -causas objetivas-. Este trabajo critica sus posiciones aunque acepta sus criterios y métodos. En particular, sostiene que su enfoque formal hacia los conflictos civiles es impreciso, imprecisión que se debe al tipo de exámenes empíricos.

Tipo de documento: Artículo - Article

Palabras clave: Guerra Civil, Colombia, Teorías, prueba empírica, Civil War, Colombia, theories, empirical test





Source: http://www.bdigital.unal.edu.co


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A critique of “resource-based” theories of colombia’s civil war Luis Fernando Medina* SUMMARY In recent years, several Colombian scholars have studied this country’s civil conflict through the lenses of economic reasoning and state-of-the-art statistical testing.
Their analyses place most of the explanatory burden of the conflict on the existence of lootable resources and organized crime, not on any specific socio-economic factor of Colombia’s reality (“objective causes”).
This paper criticizes their claims while accepting their criteria and methods.
In particular, it contends that their formal approach to civil conflicts is flawed, a flaw that carries over to the type of empirical tests conducted and that there are several gaps in the reasoning from statistical results to the overall interpretation of the conflict. Key words: Civil War, Colombia, theories, empirical test. FECHA DE RECEPCIÓN: 6-11-2007 FECHA DE APROBACIÓN: 13-11-2007 análisis político nº 61, Bogotá, enero-abril, 2008: págs.
44-57 * Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science The University of Chicago 5828 S.
University Avenue (Pick 507) Chicago, IL.
60637.
Ph: (773) 702-2941. Email: lfmedina@uchicago.edu.
Fax: (773) 702-1689 I wish to express my thanks to Alvaro Camacho, Carlos Guevara-Mann, Stathis Kalyvas, Ian Lustick, Carlo Nasi, and Frank Safford and seminar participants in the University of Chicago and in the Annual Conference of the Latin American Studies Association for their comments, criticisms and suggestions.
The remaining errors, my sole responsibility, stand as an indicator of the likely result that would have obtained without their help. ISSN 0121-4705 [44] UNA CRÍTICA A LAS TEORÍAS “BASADAS EN LOS RECURSOS” SOBRE LA GUERRA CIVIL EN COLOMBIA RESUMEN En los últimos años, varios académicos colombianos han estudiado el conflicto civil de este país a través de la lente del razonamiento económico y el examen estadístico de punta.
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