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 Quantum probes to assess correlations in a composite system


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We suggest and demonstrate experimentally a strategy to obtain relevant information about a composite system by only performing measurements on a small and easily accessible part of it, which we call quantum probe. We show in particular how quantitative information about the angular correlations of couples of entangled photons generated by spontaneous parametric down conversion is accessed through the study of the trace distance between two polarization states evolved from different initial conditions. After estimating the optimal polarization states to be used as quantum probe, we provide a detailed analysis of the connection between the increase of the trace distance above its initial value and the amount of angular correlations.



Author: Andrea Smirne; Simone Cialdi; Giorgio Anelli; Matteo G. A. Paris; Bassano Vacchini

Source: https://archive.org/



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