Vol 9: On the Value of Intra-Motif Dependencies of Human Insulator Protein CTCF.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 9: On the Value of Intra-Motif Dependencies of Human Insulator Protein CTCF.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractThe binding affinity of DNA-binding proteins such as transcription factors is mainly determined by the base composition of the corresponding binding site on the DNA strand. Most proteins do not bind only a single sequence, but rather a set of sequences, which may be modeled by a sequence motif. Algorithms for de novo motif discovery differ in their promoter models, learning approaches, and other aspects, but typically use the statistically simple position weight matrix model for the motif, which assumes statistical independence among all nucleotides. However, there is no clear justification for that assumption, leading to an ongoing debate about the importance of modeling dependencies between nucleotides within binding sites. In the past, modeling statistical dependencies within binding sites has been hampered by the problem of limited data. With the rise of high-throughput technologies such as ChIP-seq, this situation has now changed, making it possible to make use of statistical dependencies effectively. In this work, we investigate the presence of statistical dependencies in binding sites of the human enhancer-blocking insulator protein CTCF by using the recently developed model class of inhomogeneous parsimonious Markov models, which is capable of modeling complex dependencies while avoiding overfitting. These findings lead to a more detailed characterization of the CTCF binding motif, which is only poorly represented by independent nucleotide frequencies at several positions, predominantly at the 3′ end.



Author: Eggeling, Ralf; Gohr, Andre; Keilwagen, Jens; Mohr, Michaela; Posch, Stefan; Smith, Andrew D.; Grosse, Ivo

Source: https://archive.org/



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