NASA Technical Reports Server NTRS 20150000114: NASAs UAS Integration into the NAS: A Report on the Human Systems Integration Phase 1 Simulation ActivitiesReport as inadecuate



 NASA Technical Reports Server NTRS 20150000114: NASAs UAS Integration into the NAS: A Report on the Human Systems Integration Phase 1 Simulation Activities


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In 2011 the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA began a five-year Project to address the technical barriers related to routine access of Unmanned Aerial Systems UAS in the National Airspace System NAS. Planned in two phases, the goal of the first phase was to lay the foundations for the Project by identifying those barriers and key issues to be addressed to achieve integration. Phase 1 activities were completed two years into the five-year Project. The purpose of this paper is to review activities within the Human Systems Integration HSI subproject in Phase 1 toward its two objectives: 1 develop GCS guidelines for routine UAS access to the NAS, and 2 develop a prototype display suite within an existing Ground Control Station GCS. The first objective directly addresses a critical barrier for UAS integration into the NAS - a lack of GCS design standards or requirements. First, the paper describes the initial development of a prototype GCS display suite and supporting simulation software capabilities. Then, three simulation experiments utilizing this simulation architecture are summarized. The first experiment sought to determine a baseline performance of UAS pilots operating in civil airspace under current instrument flight rules for manned aircraft. The second experiment examined the effect of currently employed UAS contingency procedures on Air Traffic Control ATC participants. The third experiment compared three GCS command and control interfaces on UAS pilot response times in compliance with ATC clearances. The authors discuss how the results of these and future simulation and flight-testing activities contribute to the development of GCS guidelines to support the safe integration of UAS into the NAS. Finally, the planned activities for Phase 2, including an integrated human-in-the-loop simulation and two flight tests are briefly described.



Author: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Source: https://archive.org/







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