Jets and gamma-ray emission from isolated accreting black holesReport as inadecuate

 Jets and gamma-ray emission from isolated accreting black holes

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The large number of isolated black holes IBHs in the Galaxy, estimated to be 10^8, implies a very high density of 10^-4 pc^-3 and an average distance between IBHs of 10 pc. Our study shows that the magnetic flux, accumulated on the horizon of an IBH because of accretion of interstellar matter, allows the Blandford-Znajeck mechanism to be activated. Thus, electron-positron jets can be launched. We have performed 2D numerical modelling which allowed the jet power to be estimated. Their inferred properties make such jets a feasible electron accelerator which, in molecular clouds, allows electron energy to be boosted up to 1 PeV. For the conditions expected in molecular clouds the radiative cooling time should be comparable to the escape time. Thus these sources can contribute both to the population of unidentified point-like sources and to the local cosmic ray CR electron spectrum. The impact of the generated electron CRs depends on the diffusion rate inside molecular clouds MCs. If the diffusion regime in a MC is similar to Galactic diffusion, the produced electrons should rapidly escape the cloud and contribute to the Galactic CR population at very high energies 100 TeV. However, due to the modest jet luminosity at the level of 10^35 erg s^-1 and low filling factor of MC, these sources cannot make a significant contribution to the spectrum of cosmic ray electrons at lower energies. On the other hand, if the diffusion within MCs operates at a rate close to the Bohm limit, the CR electrons escaping from the source should be confined in the cloud, significantly contributing to the local density of CRs. The IC emission of these locally-generated CRs may explain the variety of gamma ray spectra detected from nearby MCs.

Author: M. V. Barkov; D. V. Khangulyan; S. B. Popov



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