Bcl-2 expression is altered with ovarian tumor progression: an immunohistochemical evaluationReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Ovarian Research

, 2:16

First Online: 25 October 2009Received: 19 June 2009Accepted: 25 October 2009

Abstract

BackgroundOvarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. The ovarian tumor microenvironment is comprised of tumor cells, surrounding stroma, and circulating lymphocytes, an important component of the immune response, in tumors. Previous reports have shown that the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is overexpressed in many solid neoplasms, including ovarian cancers, and contributes to neoplastic transformation and drug-resistant disease, resulting in poor clinical outcome. Likewise, studies indicate improved clinical outcome with increased presence of lymphocytes. Therefore, we sought to examine Bcl-2 expression in normal, benign, and cancerous ovarian tissues to determine the potential relationship between epithelial and stromal Bcl-2 expression in conjunction with the presence of lymphocytes for epithelial ovarian tumor progression.

MethodsOvarian tissue sections were classified as normal n = 2, benign n = 17 or cancerous n = 28 and immunohistochemically stained for Bcl-2. Bcl-2 expression was assessed according to cellular localization, extent, and intensity of staining. The number of lymphocyte nests as well as the number of lymphocytes within these nests was counted.

ResultsWhile Bcl-2 staining remained cytoplasmic, both percent and intensity of epithelial and stromal Bcl-2 staining decreased with tumor progression. Further, the number of lymphocyte nests dramatically increased with tumor progression.

ConclusionThe data suggest alterations in Bcl-2 expression and lymphocyte infiltration correlate with epithelial ovarian cancer progression. Consequently, Bcl-2 expression and lymphocyte status may be important for prognostic outcome or useful targets for therapeutic intervention.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1757-2215-2-16 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Nicole S Anderson - Leslie Turner - Sandra Livingston - Ren Chen - Santo V Nicosia - Patricia A Kruk

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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