Nonlinear wave-particle interaction upstream from the Earths bow shockReport as inadecuate

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1 CESR - Centre d-étude spatiale des rayonnements 2 SSL - Space Sciences Laboratory Berkeley

Abstract : Well-defined ring-like backstreaming ion distributions have been recently reported from observations made by the 3DP-PESA-High analyzer onboard the WIND spacecraft in the Earth-s foreshock at large distances from the bow shock, which suggests a local production mechanism. The maximum phase space density for these distributions remains localized at a nearly constant pitch-angle value for a large number of gyroperiods while the shape of the distribution remains very steady. These distributions are also observed in association with quasi-monochromatic low frequency ~ 50 mHz waves with substantial amplitude dB-B>0.2. The analysis of the magnetic field data has shown that the waves are propagating parallel to the background field in the right-hand mode. Parallel ion beams are also often observed in the same region before the observation of both the ring-like distributions and the waves. The waves appear in cyclotron resonance with the ion parallel beams. We investigate first the possibility that the ion beams could provide the free energy source for driving an ion-ion instability responsible for the ULF wave occurrence. For that, we solve the wave dispersion relation with the observed parameters. Second, we show that the ring-like distributions could then be produced by a coherent nonlinear wave-particle interaction. It tends to trap the ions into narrow cells in velocity space centered on a well-defined pitch-angle, directly related to the saturation wave amplitude in the analytical theory. The theoretical predictions are in good quantitative agreement with the observations

Author: C. Mazelle - D. Le Quéau - K. Meziane -



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