Ets-2 and p53 mediate cAMP-induced MMP-2 expression, activity and trophoblast invasionReport as inadecuate




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Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology

, 7:135

First Online: 25 November 2009Received: 29 September 2009Accepted: 25 November 2009

Abstract

BackgroundWe have previously shown that Matrix metalloproteinase MMP -2 is a key-enzyme in early trophoblast invasion and that Protein Kinase A PKA increases MMP-2 expression and trophoblast invasion. The aim of this study was to examine MMP -2 regulation by PKA in invasive trophoblasts: JAR choriocarcinoma cell-line and 6-8 w first trimester trophoblasts.

MethodsThe effect of Forskolin PKA on MMP-2 expression was assessed by Northern Blot and RT-PCR. Possible transcription factors binding to consensus MMP-2 promoter sequences in response to Forskolin, were detected by EMSA binding assay and their expression assessed by western blot analysis. Antisense transfection of relevant transcription factors was performed and the inhibitory effect assessed on MMP-2 expression RT-PCR, secretion zymography and trophoblast invasiveness transwell migration assay.

ResultsWe found that Forskolin increased MMP-2 mRNA in JAR cells within 24 hours, and induced binding to p53, Ets, C-EBP and AP-2. Transcription factors Ets-2, phospho- p53, C-EBP epsilon, C-EBP lambda and AP-2 alpha bound to their respective binding sequences in response to Forskolin and the expressions of these transcription factors were all elevated in Forskolin- treated cells. Inhibition of Ets-2 and p53 reduced MMP-2 expression, secretion and invasiveness of Forskolin treated cells.

ConclusionMMP-2 is regulated by PKA through several binding sites and transcription factors including Ets-2, p53, C-EBP, C-EBP lambda and AP-2 alpha. Ets-2 and p53 mediate cAMP- induced trophoblast invasiveness, through regulation of MMP-2.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1477-7827-7-135 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Elsebeth Staun-Ram - Shlomit Goldman - Eliezer Shalev

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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