Letter to the Editor: A strange cloud in the Arctic summer stratosphere 1998 above Esrange 68°N, SwedenReport as inadecuate




Letter to the Editor: A strange cloud in the Arctic summer stratosphere 1998 above Esrange 68°N, Sweden - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bonn 2 Physics Department

Abstract : When the University of Bonn lidar on the Esrange 68°N, 21°E, Sweden, was switched on in the evening of July 18, 1998, a geometrically and optically thin cloud layer was present near 14 km altitude or 400 K potential temperature, where it persisted for two hours. The tropopause altitude was 4 km below the cloud altitude. The cloud particles depolarized the lidar returns, thus must they have been aspherical and hence solid. Atmospheric temperatures near 230 K were approximately 40 K too high to support ice particles at stratospheric water vapour pressures of a few ppmv. The isentropic back trajectory on 400 K showed the air parcels to have stayed clear of active major rocket launch sites. The air parcels at 400 K had traveled from the Aleutians across Canada and the Atlantic Ocean arriving above central Europe and then turned northward to pass over above the lidar station. Parcels at levels at ±25 K from 400 K had come from the pole and joined the 400 K trajectory path above eastern Canada. Apparently the cloud existed in a filament of air with an origin different from those filaments both above and below. Possibly the 400 K level air parcels had carried soot particles from forest wild fires in northern Canada or volcanic ash from the eruption of the Korovin Volcano in the Aleutian Islands.





Author: J. Siebert - C. Timmis - G. Vaughan - K. H. Fricke -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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