Evaluation and Design Space Exploration of a Time-Division Multiplexed NoC on FPGA for Image Analysis ApplicationsReport as inadecuate




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EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems

, 2009:542035

Design and Architectures for Signal and Image Processing 2009

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present an adaptable Fat Tree NoC architecture for Field Programmable Gate Array FPGA designed for image analysis applications. Traditional Network on Chip NoC is not optimal for dataflow applications with large amount of data. On the opposite, point-to-point communications are designed from the algorithm requirements but they are expensives in terms of resource and wire. We propose a dedicated communication architecture for image analysis algorithms. This communication mechanism is a generic NoC infrastructure dedicated to dataflow image processing applications, mixing circuit-switching and packet-switching communications. The complete architecture integrates two dedicated communication architectures and reusable IP blocks. Communications are based on the NoC concept to support the high bandwidth required for a large number and type of data. For data communication inside the architecture, an efficient time-division multiplexed TDM architecture is proposed. This NoC uses a Fat Tree FT topology with Virtual Channels VCs and flit packet-switching with fixed routes. Two versions of the NoC are presented in this paper. The results of their implementations and their Design Space Exploration DSE on Altera Stratix II are analyzed and compared with a point-to-point communication and illustrated with a multispectral image application. Results show that a point-to-point communication scheme is not efficient for large amount of multispectral image data communications. An NoC architecture uses only 10% of the memory blocks required for a point-to-point architecture but seven times more logic elements. This resource allocation is more adapted to image analysis algorithms as memory elements are a critical point in embedded architectures. An FT NoC-based communication scheme for data transfers provides a more appropriate solution for resource allocation.

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Author: Linlin Zhang - Virginie Fresse - Mohammed Khalid - Dominique Houzet - Anne-Claire Legrand

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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