Serum anticholinergic activity and cerebral cholinergic dysfunction: An EEG study in frail elderly with and without deliriumReport as inadecuate




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BMC Neuroscience

, 9:86

First Online: 15 September 2008Received: 01 March 2008Accepted: 15 September 2008

Abstract

BackgroundDelirium increases morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs especially in the elderly. Serum anticholinergic activity SAA is a suggested biomarker for anticholinergic burden and delirium risk, but the association with cerebral cholinergic function remains unclear. To clarify this relationship, we prospectively assessed the correlation of SAA with quantitative electroencephalography qEEG power, delirium occurrence, functional and cognitive measures in a cross-sectional sample of acutely hospitalized elderly > 80 y with high dementia and delirium prevalence.

Methods61 consecutively admitted patients over 80 years underwent an extensive clinical and neuropsychological evaluation. SAA was determined by using radio receptor assay as developed by Tune, and standard as well as quantitative EEGs were obtained.

Results15 patients had dementia with additional delirium DD according to expert consensus using DSM-IV criteria, 31 suffered from dementia without delirium D, 15 were cognitively unimpaired CU. SAA was clearly detectable in all patients but one mean 10.9 ± 7.1 pmol-ml, but was not associated with expert-panel approved delirium diagnosis or cognitive functions. Delirium-associated EEG abnormalities included occipital slowing, peak power and alpha decrease, delta and theta power increase and slow wave ratio increase during active delirious states. EEG measures correlated significantly with cognitive performance and delirium severity, but not with SAA levels.

ConclusionIn elderly with acute disease, EEG parameters reliable indicate delirium, but SAA does not seem to reflect cerebral cholinergic function as measured by EEG and is not related to delirium diagnosis.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2202-9-86 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Christine Thomas - Ute Hestermann - Juergen Kopitz - Konstanze Plaschke - Peter Oster - Martin Driessen - Christoph Mundt -

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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