Psychometric properties of Greek versions of the Modified Corah Dental Anxiety Scale MDAS and the Dental Fear Survey DFSReport as inadecuate




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BMC Oral Health

, 8:29

First Online: 30 September 2008Received: 17 April 2008Accepted: 30 September 2008

Abstract

BackgroundA growing body of literature describes the performance of dental fear questionnaires in various countries. We describe the psychometric properties of Greek versions of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale MDAS and the Dental Fear Survey DFS in adult Greek patients.

MethodsGreek versions of the MDAS and DFS were administered to two samples of adult dental patients. In the first sample, 195 patients attending one of three private practice dental offices in a large city in Greece completed the questionnaires in the waiting room before dental treatment. After treatment, their dentists who did not know how the patients had answered the questionnaire rated their anxiety during dental treatment. In the second sample, 41 patients attending a Greek university dental school clinic completed the questionnaire twice at two separate visits, in order to provide test-retest data. Cronbach-s alpha was used to compute the internal consistencies, while Spearman-s rho was used to compute the test-retest reliabilities. Construct validity was assessed by correlating the responses to the MDAS and DFS by Spearman-s rho. Spearman-s rho was also used to examine the criterion validities, by comparing the questionnaire responses with the dentists- ratings of anxiety.

ResultsThe internal consistencies for the MDAS were 0.90 and 0.92 in the two samples; for the DFS, the internal consistencies were 0.96 in both samples. The test-retest reliabilities were 0.94 for the MDAS and 0.95 for the DFS. The correlation between the two questionnaires was 0.89. The patients- responses to both questionnaires were significantly related to the dentists- ratings of their anxiety during dental treatment both p values <0.001.

ConclusionThe results indicate that the Greek versions of the MDAS and DFS have good internal consistencies and test-retest reliabilities, as well as good construct and criterion validities. The psychometric properties of the Greek versions of these questionnaires appear to be similar to those previously reported in other countries.

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Author: Trilby Coolidge - Konstantinos Nikolaos Arapostathis - Dimitris Emmanouil - Nikolaos Dabarakis - Antonis Patrikiou - Nikolao

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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