Comparative metabolomic analysis of Sinorhizobium sp. C4 during the degradation of phenanthreneReport as inadecuate




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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 863–872

First Online: 31 July 2008Received: 14 April 2008Revised: 16 June 2008Accepted: 18 June 2008

Abstract

Comparative metabolic responses of Sinorhizobium sp. C4 were investigated. Comprehensive metabolites profiles, including polar metabolites, fatty acids, and polyhydroxyalkanoates were evaluated through untargeted metabolome analyses. Intracellular metabolomes during the degradation of phenanthrene were compared with those from natural carbon sources. Principal component analysis showed a clear separation of metabolomes of phenanthrene degradation from other carbon sources. Shift to more hydrophobic fatty acid was observed from the analysis of fatty acid methyl ester. Polyhydroxyalkanoate from strain C4 was composed mainly with 3-hydroxybutyric acid and small amount of 3-hydroxypentanoic acid, while the monomeric composition was independent on carbon sources. However, the amount of polyhydroxyalkanoates during degradation of phenanthrene was 50–210% less than those from other carbon sources. Among 207 gas chromatography–mass spectrometry peaks from the polar metabolite fraction, 60% of the peaks were identified and compared. Several intermediates in tricarboxylic acid cycles and glycolysis were increased during phenanthrene degradation. Accumulation of trehalose was also evident in the phenanthrene-treated bacterium. Some amino acid, including branched amino acids, glycine, homoserine, and valine, were also increased, while more than 70% of identified metabolites were decreased during the phenanthrene metabolism. Accumulation of sulfur amino acids and nicotinic acid suggested the possible oxidative stress conditions during phenanthrene metabolism.

KeywordsSinorhizobium Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon Metabolomics Polyhydroxyalkanoate Fatty acids  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Young Soo Keum - Jong Su Seo - Qing X. Li - Jeong Han Kim

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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