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International Breastfeeding Journal

, 2:4

First Online: 05 March 2007Received: 20 December 2005Accepted: 05 March 2007

Abstract

BackgroundThe United States Preventive Services Task Force found that effective interventions for extending breastfeeding duration are generally begun during the prenatal period, provide ongoing support for patients and combine information with face-to-face guidance. A 2001 literature review had similar findings but also found that employing a lactation consultant in the clinical setting may increase breastfeeding duration rates. Thus, a program was developed at a family practice office that employed a lactation consultant and followed the American Academy of Pediatrics-Ten Steps to Support Parents- Choice to Breastfeed Their Baby.-

MethodsThe program distributed handouts at each prenatal and well-child visit up to one year. Using questionnaires, a small audit project evaluated the program-s impact on breastfeeding goals, duration, in-hospital exclusivity and maternal perception of success. Mothers completed goal surveys at baseline and post-intervention, usually while waiting for prenatal clinic visits. Duration was assessed by surveys completed during well-infant visits, postal mailings or telephone interviews at breastfeeding cessation, 6 months and 1 year. The outcomes measured were increases in goals, maternal perception of success, duration and in-hospital exclusivity.

ResultsParticipants included 33 women: 48% had a bachelor-s or master-s degree, 61% were non-Hispanic white, and 67% reported incomes of US$75,000 or higher. At baseline 5-31 planned to exclusively breastfeed for 4–6 months and 5-33 planned to breastfeed for 6–12 months. Post-intervention there was a 200% increase 15-31 in the exclusively breastfeeding 4–6 month group and a 160% increase 13-33 in the 6–12 month duration group. Actual in-hospital exclusivity rates were 61%, 6-month duration rates were 73%, and 12-month rates were 33%. Over 75% of mothers reported feeling successful.

ConclusionThis small pilot educational program may have significant impacts on breastfeeding goals. Setting and meeting goals may increase duration and in-hospital exclusivity rates as well as enhance maternal self-perception and empowerment due to succeeding at their breastfeeding goals and-or experiencing a fulfilling breastfeeding relationship.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1746-4358-2-4 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Christine M Betzold - Kathleen M Laughlin - Carol Shi

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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