Four-week short chain fructo-oligosaccharides ingestion leads to increasing fecal bifidobacteria and cholesterol excretion in healthy elderly volunteersReport as inadecuate




Four-week short chain fructo-oligosaccharides ingestion leads to increasing fecal bifidobacteria and cholesterol excretion in healthy elderly volunteers - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Nutrition Journal

, 6:42

First Online: 05 December 2007Received: 20 July 2007Accepted: 05 December 2007

Abstract

BackgroundShort-chain fructo-oligosaccharides scFOS are increasingly used in human diet for their prebiotic properties. We aimed at investigating the effects of scFOS ingestion on the colonic microflora and oro-fecal transit time in elderly healthy humans.

MethodsStools composition, oro-fecal transit time, and clinical tolerance were evaluated in 12 healthy volunteers, aged 69 ± 2 yrs, in three consecutive periods: basal period 2 weeks, scFOS Actilight ingestion period 8 g-d for 4 weeks and follow-up period 4 weeks. Two-way ANOVA, with time and treatment as factors, was used to compare the main outcome measures between the three periods.

ResultsFecal bifidobacteria counts were significantly increased during the scFOS period 9.17 ± 0.17 log cfu-g vs 8.52 ± 0.26 log cfu-g during the basal period and returned to their initial values at the end of follow-up 8.37 ± 0.21 log cfu-g; P < 0.05. Fecal cholesterol concentration increased during the scFOS period 8.18 ± 2.37 mg-g dry matter vs 2.81 ± 0.94 mg-g dry matter during the basal period and returned to the baseline value at the end of follow-up 2.87 ± 0.44 mg-g dry matter; P < 0.05. Fecal pH tended to decrease during scFOS ingestion and follow-up periods compared to the basal period P = 0.06. Fecal bile acids, stool weight, water percentage, and oro-fecal transit time did not change throughout the study. Excess flatus and bloating were significantly more frequent during scFOS ingestion when compared to the basal period P < 0.05, but the intensity of these symptoms was very mild.

ConclusionFour-week 8 g-d scFOS ingestion is well tolerated and leads to a significant increase in fecal bifidobacteria in healthy elderly subjects. Whether the change in cholesterol metabolism found in our study could exert a beneficial action warrants further studies.

List of abbreviations usedOFTTOro-fecal transit time

scFOSShort-chain fructo-oligosaccharides

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1475-2891-6-42 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Yoram Bouhnik - Lotfi Achour - Damien Paineau - Michel Riottot - Alain Attar - Francis Bornet

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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