Screening Methodology for the Efficient Pairing of Ionic Liquids and Carbonaceous Electrodes Applied to Electric Energy StorageReport as inadecuate




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1 IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles 2 CIRIMAT - Centre interuniversitaire de recherche et d-ingenierie des matériaux 3 RS2E - Réseau sur le stockage électrochimique de l-énergie

Abstract : A model is presented that correlates the measured electric capacitance with the energy that comprises the desolvation, dissociation and adsorption energy of an ionic liquid into carbonaceous electrode represented by single-wall carbon nanotubes. An original methodology is presented that allows for the calculation of the adsorption energy of ions in a host system that does not necessarily compensate the total charge of the adsorbed ions, leaving an overall net charge. To obtain overall negative favorable energies, adsorption energies need to overcome the energy cost for desolvation of the ion pair and its dissociation into individual ions. Smaller ions, such as BF4 −, generally show larger dissociation energies than anions such as PF6 − or TFSI−. Adsorption energies gradually increase with decreasing pore size of the CNT and show a maximum when the pore size is slightly greater than the dimensions of the adsorbed ion and the attractive van der Waals forces dominate the interaction. At smaller pore diameters, the adsorption energy sharply declines and becomes repulsive as a result of geometry deformations of the ion. Only for those diameters where the adsorption reaches maximum values is the adsorption energy sufficiently negative to balance the positive dissociation and desolvation energies. We present for each ion and ionic liquid what the most adequate electrode pore size should be for maximum capacitance.

Keywords : Supercapacitor Porous carbon Energy





Author: Julio F. Jover - Rafael Lugo - Hervé Toulhoat - Patrice Simon - Theodorus De Bruin -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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