Cosmological axion and neutrino mass constraints from Planck 2015 temperature and polarization dataReport as inadecuate




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* Corresponding author 1 IAP - Institut d-Astrophysique de Paris 2 Physics Department and INFN 3 Dipartimento di Fisica e Science della Terra 4 IFIC - Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular 5 Laboratoire AIM 6 Department of Physics and Astronomy Baltimore 7 Department of Physics Oxford

Abstract : Axions currently provide the most compelling solution to the strong CP problem. These particles may be copiously produced in the early universe, including via thermal processes. Therefore, relic axions constitute a hot dark matter component and their masses are strongly degenerate with those of the three active neutrinos, as they leave identical signatures in the different cosmological observables. In addition, thermal axions, while still relativistic states, also contribute to the relativistic degrees of freedom, parameterized via N eff. We present the cosmological bounds on the relic axion and neutrino masses, exploiting the full Planck mission data, which include polarization measurements. In the mixed hot dark matter scenario explored here, we find the tightest and more robust constraint to date on the sum of the three active neutrino masses, m ν < 0.136 eV at 95% CL, as it is obtained in the very well-known linear perturbation regime. The Planck Sunyaev–Zeldovich cluster number count data further tightens this bound, providing a 95% CL upper limit of m ν < 0.126 eV in this very same mixed hot dark matter model, a value which is very close to the expectations in the inverted hierarchical neutrino mass scenario. Using this same combination of data sets we find the most stringent bound to date on the thermal axion mass, m a < 0.529 eV at 95% CL.





Author: Eleonora Di Valentino - Elena Giusarma - Massimiliano Lattanzi - Olga Mena - Alessandro Melchiorri - Joseph Silk -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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