A possible case of spontaneous Loa loaencephalopathy associated with a glomerulopathyReport as inadecuate




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Filaria Journal

, 5:6

First Online: 10 May 2006Received: 23 February 2005Accepted: 10 May 2006

Abstract

It is well known that renal and neurological complications may occur after antifilarial treatment of patients infected with Loa loa. Conversely, spontaneous cases of visceral complications of loiasis have been rarely reported. A 31-year-old Congolese male patient who had not received any antifilarial drug developed oedema of the lower limbs, and then transient swellings of upper limbs. Two months after, he developed troubles of consciousness within several hours. At hospital, the patient was comatose with mild signs of localization. Laboratory tests and an abdominal echography revealed a chronic renal failure due to a glomerulopathy. Three weeks after admission, Loa microfilariae were found in the cerebrospinal fluid, and a calibrated blood smear revealed a Loa microfilaraemia of 74,200 microfilariae per ml. The level of consciousness of the patient improved spontaneously, without any specific treatment, but several days after becoming completely lucid, the patient died suddenly, from an undetermined cause. Unfortunately, no biopsy or autopsy could be performed. The role of Loa loa in the development of the renal and neurological troubles of this patient is questionable. But the fact that such troubles, which are known complications of Loa infection, were found concomitantly in a person harbouring a very high microfilarial load suggests that they might have been caused by the filarial parasite. In areas endemic for loiasis, examinations for a Loa infection should be systematically performed in patients presenting an encephalopathy or a glomerulopathy.

AbbreviationsALATAlanine Amino-Transferase

ASATAspartate Amino-Transferase

CSFCerebrospinal fluid

CUKCliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa

DECDiethylcarbamazine

DRCDemocratic Republic of the Congo

GHKGeneral provincial Hospital of Kinshasa

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Author: Tuna Lukiana - Madone Mandina - Nanituma H Situakibanza - Marcel M Mbula - Bompeka F Lepira - Wobin T Odio - Joseph Kam

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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