Lymphadenovarix in the axilla – an unusual presentation of filariasisReport as inadecuate




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Filaria Journal

, 5:9

First Online: 30 July 2006Received: 17 October 2004Accepted: 30 July 2006

Abstract

Clinical manifestations of lymphatic filariasis depend on the area of lymphatic involvement and the duration of infection. A 21 year old man, resident in a filariasis endemic region, presented with multiple matted lymph nodes with cystic areas forming a large mass in his left axilla. An ultrasound scan of the axilla using a 7.5 MHz transducer revealed grossly dilated lymphatics but no filarial dance sign. Fine needle 21 G aspiration cytology FNAC from the dilated lymphatics and solid areas in the lymph node mass revealed multiple microfilariae in a background of reactive lymphoid cells. Peripheral blood smears revealed microfilaremia with significant eosinophilia. Diagnosis of left axillary Bancroftian lymphadenovarix was made. On the administration of oral diethylcarbamazine, the diameter of the lymphatic vessels in the lymphadenovarix reduced considerably in size and microfilaremia disappeared. We report this case because axillary lymphadenovarix is a rare presentation of filariasis. This case is also unique since microfilariae were demonstrated in the fluid aspirated from the dilated lymphatics of the lymphadenovarix in the absence of live adult worms.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1475-2883-5-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Sarath Chandra Sistla, Surendra Kumar Verma and S Jagdish contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Adhish Basu - Sarath Chandra Sistla - Surendra Kumar Verma - S Jagdish

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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