Le modèle DFM pour une analyse comparative des systèmes de vélos en libre serviceReport as inadecuate




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1 MAP5 - MAP5 - Mathématiques Appliquées à Paris 5 2 INRETS - Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité 3 ERIC - Entrepôts, Représentation et Ingénierie des Connaissances

Résumé : Bike sharing systems BSSs have become a means of sustainable inter-modal transport and are now proposed in many cities worldwide. Most BSSs also provide 1open access to their data, particularly to real-time status reports on their bike stations. The analysis of the mass of data generated by such systems is of particular interest to BSS providers to update system structures and policies. This work was motivated by interest in analyzing and comparing several European BSSs to identify common operating patterns in BSSs and to propose practical solutions to avoid potential issues. Our approach relies on the identification of common patterns between and within systems. To this end, a model- based clustering method, called FunFEM, for time series or more generally functional data is developed. It is based on a functional mixture model that allows the clustering of the data in a discriminative functional subspace. This model presents the advantage in this context to be parsimonious and to allow the visualization of the clustered systems. Numerical experiments confirm the good behavior of FunFEM, particularly compared to state-of-the-art methods. The application of FunFEM to BSS data from JCDecaux and the Transport for London Initiative allows us to identify 10 general patterns, including pathological ones, and to propose practical improvement strategies based on the system comparison. The visualization of the clustered data within the discriminative subspace turns out to be particularly informative regarding the system efficiency. The proposed methodology is implemented in a package for the R software, named funFEM, which is available on the CRAN. The package also provides a subset of the data analyzed in this work.





Author: Charles Bouveyron - Etienne Côme - Julien Jacques -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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