Bupivacaine versus lidocaine analgesia for neonatal circumcisionReport as inadecuate




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BMC Pediatrics

, 5:12

First Online: 22 May 2005Received: 12 December 2004Accepted: 22 May 2005

Abstract

BackgroundAnalgesia for neonatal circumcision was recently advocated for every male infant, and its use is considered essential by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We compared the post-operative analgesic quality of bupivacaine to that of lidocaine for achieving dorsal penile nerve block DPNB when performing neonatal circumcision.

MethodsData were obtained from 38 neonates following neonatal circumcision. The infants had received DPNB analgesia with either lidocaine or bupivacaine. The outcome variable was the administration by the parents of acetaminophen during the ensuing 24 hours.

ResultsSeventeen infants received lidocaine and 19 received bupivacaine DPNB. Ten infants in the lidocaine group 59% were given acetaminophen following circumcision compared to only 3 16% in the bupivacaine group P < 0.01. Regression analysis showed that the only significant variable associated with the need for acetaminophen was the use of lidocaine R = 20.6; P = 0.006.

ConclusionDPNB with bupivacaine for neonatal circumcision apparently confers better analgesia than lidocaine as judged by the requirement of acetaminophen over the ensuing 24-hour period.

AbbreviationsDPNBDorsal penile nerve block

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Author: Orit C Stolik-Dollberg - Shaul Dollberg

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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