Executive and motivational processes in adolescents with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder ADHDReport as inadecuate




Executive and motivational processes in adolescents with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Behavioral and Brain Functions

, 1:8

First Online: 27 June 2005Received: 10 March 2005Accepted: 27 June 2005

Abstract

BackgroundThe objective of the current study was to examine performance and correlates of performance on a decision-making card task involving risky choices Iowa Gambling Task in adolescents with ADHD and comparison controls. Forty-four participants with ADHD and 34 controls were administered measures of estimated intellectual ability, working memory, and the card task. Also, behavioural ratings were obtained from parents and teachers.

ResultsAdolescents with ADHD scored lower on the measures of intellectual ability, working memory, and made less advantageous selections on the card task compared to controls. Performance on measures of intellectual ability and working memory were unrelated to card task performance in both the ADHD and control samples. Parent ratings of hyperactivity-impulsivity were significantly associated with card task performance in the adolescents with ADHD, but not in controls.

ConclusionThese findings demonstrate impaired decision-making in adolescents with ADHD, and the separability of motivational and executive function processes, supporting current dual pathway models of ADHD.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1744-9081-1-8 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Maggie E Toplak - Umesh Jain - Rosemary Tannock

Source: https://link.springer.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents