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Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 50, Issue 11–12, pp 905–911

First Online: 06 June 2014Received: 02 April 1998Revised: 03 July 1998Accepted: 17 July 1998

Abstract

We have developed systems for measuring differential displacements across a fault zone, and examined their resolutions through seafloor experiments at relatively short baselines.
A system for a seafloor extensometer makes use of precise acoustic ranging with a linear pulse compression technique.
The system has a resolution better than 1 cm in acoustic ranging over a baseline of at least 1 km.
The most critical problem is correction for temperature variations, and we estimate that the effect can be corrected with cm-order accuracy in the case of a deep-sea experiment.
We have also examined a leveling system on the seafloor using an array of ocean bottom pressure gauges and an ocean bottom gravimeter to detect differential vertical motion.
The system is estimated to have a resolution of several centimeters in vertical displacement.
These system will be useful for triangulation and leveling on the seafloor, but we need further studies over a longer baseline and to achieve better long-term stability.

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Author: Hiromi Fujimoto - Kin-ichiro Koizumi - Yukihito Osada - Toshihiko Kanazawa

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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