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1 Department of Mathematics Uppsala

Abstract : We propose a modeling framework for the dynamics of a reduced form order book in event time and based on event sizes. Our framework for the order book is influenced by 9, but compared to 9 we allow the best bid ask spread to be larger than one tick. Based on the modeling assumption that the best bid as well as the best ask price can only move by at most one tick up or down, when an event occurs, we show that the dynamics of this simplified order book is completely described by a non-linear transformation of two processes X, Y . A key challenge in the modeling is the empirical fact that the high frequency order flow is strongly autocorrelated, a fact we have to deal with in the modeling of X, Y . The core of our framework is a semi linear regression type model for X, Y , influence by more classical ARMA and AR models, and one key degree of freedom is the potentially non-linear basis functions used in the regression. We use results from the theory of random iterative function systems to understand issues concerning stationarity and ergodicity in our models. We show how to rapidly calibrate the model by inverting block Toeplitz matrices in an efficient way. All components are worked through and explain in an application and the predictability of the model for order flows and price moves are analyzed in the context of a high frequency dataset.

Keywords : price dynamics modeling order book ergodicity high frequency trading time- series random iterative function system ergodicity.





Author: Kaj Nyström - Sidi Mohamed Ould Aly -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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