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THEORIA. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 2010, 25 2

Author: Marc ARTIGA

Source: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=339730812007


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THEORIA.
Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia ISSN: 0495-4548 theoria@ehu.es Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea España ARTIGA, Marc Learning and Selection Processes THEORIA.
Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia, vol.
25, núm.
2, 2010, pp.
197209 Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea Donostia-San Sebastián, España Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=339730812007 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Learning and Selection Processes Marc ARTIGA Recibido: 21.2.2010 Versión final: 23.5.2010 BIBLID [0495-4548 (2010) 25: 68; pp.
197-209] ABSTRACT: In this paper I defend a teleological explanation of normativity, i.
e., I argue that what an organism (or device) is supposed to do is determined by its etiological function.
In particular, I present a teleological account of the normativity that arises in learning processes, and I defend it from some objections. Keywords: normativity, function, selection, learning, operant conditioning. 1.
Introduction Learning is the process by means of which systems formed by the action of natural selection can acquire new information and skills.
Not every living being is able to adopt new knowledge or behaviors; evolution has gifted only some organisms with the capacity to learn from others and from their environment, in order for them to be more flexible and adapt their behavior to their actual circumstances (Godfrey-Smith, 1996). Learning is an adaptation.
If this is true, theories seeking to account for the complexity of current living beings should pay special attention to it. There are many complex aspects of learning mechanisms that deserve careful examination.
Here, I am going to foc...





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