Rapidly progressive dementia due to neurosarcoidosis Report as inadecuate




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Marcos Castello B. Oliveira ; Laura Cardia G. Lopes ; Camila S. Tomikawa ; Leandro T. Lucato ; Luiz Henrique M. Castro ; Ricardo Nitrini ;Dementia & Neuropsychologia 2013, 7 4

Author: Gabriela Carneiro C. Fortes

Source: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=339530369012


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Dementia & Neuropsychologia ISSN: 1980-5764 demneuropsy@uol.com.br Associação Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento Brasil Carneiro C.
Fortes, Gabriela; Castello B.
Oliveira, Marcos; Cardia G.
Lopes, Laura; Tomikawa, Camila S.; Lucato, Leandro T.; Castro, Luiz Henrique M.; Nitrini, Ricardo Rapidly progressive dementia due to neurosarcoidosis Dementia & Neuropsychologia, vol.
7, núm.
4, octubre-diciembre, 2013, pp.
428-434 Associação Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento São Paulo, Brasil Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=339530369012 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Dement Neuropsychol 2013 December;7(4):428-434 Original Articles Rapidly progressive dementia due to neurosarcoidosis Gabriela Carneiro C.
Fortes1, Marcos Castello B.
Oliveira1, Laura Cardia G.
Lopes1, Camila S.
Tomikawa2, Leandro T.
Lucato3, Luiz Henrique M.
Castro1, Ricardo Nitrini1 ABSTRACT.
Rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) is typically defined as a cognitive decline progressing to severe impairment in less than 1-2 years, typically within weeks or months.
Accurate and prompt diagnosis is important because many conditions causing RPD are treatable.
Neurosarcoidosis is often cited as an unusual reversible cause of RPD.
Methods: We report two cases of neurosarcoidosis presenting as RPD.
Results: Case 1: A 61-year-old woman developed a RPD associated with visual loss.
In seven months she was dependent for self-care.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed temporal and suprasellar brain lesions.
Treatment with high-dose intravenous prednisolone was associated with partial improvement. Case 2: A 43-year-old woman who was being treated for diabetes insipidus developed a severe episodic amnesia one year after onset of cog...





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